Kandy was the last capital of ancient kingdom of Sri Lanka abounding attractive mountain ranges and valleys covers an excellence in the central hills of central province of the country. Being located in the central uplands and in 100 – 1600 m elevations from the sea level. It is bounded in the North Matale District, in the east by Badulla District, South by Nuwara Eliya and Badulla district and in the west by Kurunegala district demarcating a land area of 1,940 Km2 , including 1,917 Km2  land and 23km2 of inland water bodies.

It lies upcountry wet zone and having five major groups of soils identified as Reddish brown latasolic soils, Immature Brown loams soils, Alluvial soils, Lithisols and Red yellow podsolic soils. Tea cultivation has stretched over most of the area of the district and minor export crops and vegetables taken an important place in the economy of the district.

The total natural forest cover in the Kandy District is 41,521 ha which 21% of the total land area is. Knukles reserve is named as strict natural reserve and being residence for endemic plants and animals in Sri Lanka. Mahaweli River flows through Kandy district and it covers 110km within Kandy district.  Murapola Ela, Gampolawela, Udugoda Bandara Ela are the main irrigation system in Kandy district.

Sri Dalada Maligawa, holy of holies of entire Buddhist nation in the world and large number of historically important temples are situated in Kandy District.

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